Notes to Myself



What is a Foley artist?

What is a Foley artist?

Here is a very nice clip of a prominent Foley artist in Bollywood/Indian Hindi Film Industry.

It would be interesting to see foley artist from Hollywood in action and how they create their sounds/tones


Old Kishore Kumar song from movie Adhikar (1954)

Someone forearded me this interesting song from movie Adhikar (1954)

In the era of Badshah and Honey Singh this song seems very meaningful! And relevant even today…

But I am sure that in those day the likes of Anil Biswas, Naushad, Sajjad Husain etc would have expressed “concern” about the kind of degradation happening in music/lyrics.

Just shows how tastes change from one generation to the other.

Can we say that roots of Baba Sehgals and Baadshahs of the world lies in such experiements by Kishore Kumar?

They are Kishore Kumar’s idiotic, silly buffoonery minus his amazing style, versatile singing and maverick creativity.

In short, they are garbage!

Cooking, Gordon Ramsay and Indian Cuisines

I like cooking. In fact the very first prize in my life which I received in kindergarten was for cooking (पाकशास्त्र). I had made, actually helped my teacher make, दडपे पोहे (Dadpe Pohe).  And the prize I had received in the Annual Day function was a hanger 樂 . Yes, my school was famous for giving such totally mindless and irrelevant and demotivating awards/gifts to kids and kill innovation at nascent stage. Probably they wanted me to stay away from cooking. But I didn’t!

My interest in cooking continued, though at very slow pace. It was only when I started my career and went abroad that I got plenty of opportunities for cooking (at home my mom wouldn’t let me hover around kitchen!). And cooking became a valuable asset while staying with my flatmates! They would happily cut vegetables and clean utensils only to get a decent meal.

Though I liked cooking I never followed cookery shows – until 2007. Then while studying in the UK my flatmate Ajay (who was a foodie who could not cook!) introduced me to Gordon Ramsay – the celebrity chef! He showed me few episodes of his show and I was hooked on to them. Gordon’s was not a cookery shows, it was a reality show on “food business”, and I really liked the concept and the way Gordon conducted (except the F-word barrage).

The very first episode I watched was about a vegetarian restaurant in France. Since I am a vegetarian, my friend Ajay thought that I should get started with that episode. I am not able to find that episode. But here is one on an Indian restaurant which I liked a lot:

Recently I came across a sort of documentary featuring Gordon Ramsay on Indian cuisines. It’s really engaging 3 part series. It shows how an outsider (Gordon) looks at India and what fascinates him. Here it is:


As I said, his show is not about cookery – how to cook. It is about how to run a restaurant business. There are so many things to learn from the show. After having completed MBA and more importantly after having got a first-hand experience of running a (mock) food stall, I was able to relate with Gordon’s show far better; and only then I realized all the great nuances of his show.

I have been thinking about my experience with food stall at IIM-A and the lessons in Marketing. It was a great experience for me, because the more I think about it the more learning I can gather. A day spent on such activities is far valuable than a week spent in classroom analyzing the “case studies”.

OK, then let’s call my Food stall experience a “case study” in Marketing/Entrepreneurship. I will write about it in detail in my next blog. Meanwhile, do watch Gordon’s shows posted above.

I told you so…first! :-)

Few months back, on 8th January 2018 to be precise, I wrote a blog on Anuja Kamat’s Youtube Channel for Indian Classical Music Enthusiasts

It was good to read today a detailed story on this in

A young YouTuber is teaching thousands of Indians how to listen to classical music

I can now claim that I told you so…first! 🙂

TED Talks on Flute

Flute is one of the most popular musical instruments in Indian classical music and film music. Here are a couple of interesting TED Talks on Flute

Here is another one – not on flute, but related:

Lastly, couple of soothing music pieces based on flute:

Good Read: How a blind artist is challenging our understanding of colour

A friend of mine shared this very interesting article today:

How a blind artist is challenging our understanding of colour


I have thought about this and discussed this with friends several times before in various context. And here are my thoughts on this:

The question that still remains is:

Does the painter understand colors through his own perception? Or has he memorised them (as he mentioned at one point). Likening Red with Hot is good…but was that his own discovery or was it told to him? If it was told then he has accepted established world view of colors.

A study showed that blue color evokes friendship, socializing. Hence logos of FB, Twitter, Linkedin, WordPress, Telegram, Dropbox, Naukri, Paytm, Outlook, Google Duo and so many other Social Media Apps have Blue as prominent shade.

Now this is (or could be) induced expression (Cultivated by constant hammering of this association Blue = Friendly) or is it really there? Difficult to tell even for a person with vision. At best, it is statistical conclusion (which can be conditioned).

For example, association of saffron and renunciation/sacrifice/detachment would be natural for those who know about Hinduism and Buddhism…but does it come naturally to others? Do we know what is “saffron” equivalent for Zulu or Eskimo or some other tribes and civilizations (if they have such association)?

So my Question is: If such associations of color and emotions were told to the painter and he memorized them then what does it show – beyond the obvious that he has memorized and imbibed the color understanding of person who told him about it. And if he has developed that understanding by himself then it opens up far too many questions/ possibilities. My hunch is that it is the former…

Hindi Songs with Movie Titles and Lata Mangeshkar Connection

Today I was listening to “Nostalgic 90’s Music” on a music App and one of the songs was my favorite song from the 1991 movie “Patthar Ke Phool” starring Salman Khan and Raveena Tandon (her debut movie). The song was: Kabhi Tu Chhalia Lagta Hai sung by S.P. Balasubramanyam and Lata Mangeshkar.

I was reminded of similar song based on movie titles from the 1981 movie “Ek Duje Ke Liye” starring Kamala Hassan and Rati Agnihotri. The song was “Mere Jeevan Sathi Pyar Kiye Jaa” sung by S.P. Bala subramanyam (again) and Anuradha Paudwal.

Kabhi Tu Chhalia Lagta HaiMere Jeevan Sathi

Both the songs were sung by S.P. Balasubramnyam – interesting to have featured in both such attempts, also so many of the movie titles had Lata Mangeshkar as a lead singer!

I am not a musically trained person, but I am good at analysis – so I didn’t stop at “so many movie titles”. I decided to go one step beyond and actually list down all movie titles in the above two songs and also find out which ones had Lata Mangeshkar as a singer.

And the results are amazing (but not unexpected!). It quantitatively shows the massive contribution by Lata Mangeshkar in Hindi film music over 5-6 decades. (as I said, I am not musically trained. So I dare not comment on the qualitative aspects. But quantitative evidence is good enough).

By now you should have easily guessed that (1) I have lots of time for such unproductive “research” or (2) I am very passionate about Hindi movies and songs. Well, it is actually (1) AND (2).

So here is the list and my analysis:

1981 movie “Ek Duje Ke Liye”: Song “Mere Jeevan Sathi Pyar Kiye Ja”

  1. Mere Jeevan Sathi (1972)
  2. Pyar Kiye Ja (1966)
  3. Jawani Diwani (1972) – No song by Lata. Only Asha Bhosle.
  4. Khubsoorat (1980) – No song by Lata. Only Asha.
  5. Ziddi (1948 and 1964)
  6. Padosan (1968)
  7. Satyam Shivam Sundaram (1978)
  8. Jhootha Kahin Ka (1979) – No song by Lata. Only Asha.
  9. Hare Rama Hare Krishna (1971)
  10. (Shri) 420 (1955)
  11. Aawara (1951)
  12. Dil Hi To Hai (1963)
  13. Aashiq Hoon Baharon Ka (1977)
  14. Tere Mere Sapne (1971)
  15. Tere Ghar Ke Saamne (1963)
  16. Aamne Saamne (1967)
  17. Shaadi Ke Baad (1972)
  18. Humare Tumhare (1979)
  19. Guddi (1971)
  20. Mili (1975)
  21. Shin Shina Ki Bubla Bu (1952)
  22. Khel Khel Mein (1975)
  23. Shor (1972)
  24. Johny Mera Naam (1970)
  25. Chori Mera Kaam (1975)
  26. Ram Aur Shyam (1967)
  27. Bundal Baaz (1967)
  28. Ladki (1953) – No song by Lata
  29. Milan (1967)
  30. Geet Gaata Chal (1975) – No song by Lata
  31. Pyar Ka Mausam (1969)
  32. Besharam (1978)
  33. Naughty Boy (1962) – No song by Lata. Only Asha.
  34. Ishq Ishq Ishq (1974) – No song by Lata. Only Asha.
  35. Bluff Master (1963)
  36. Yeh Raaste Hain Pyar Ke (1963) – No song by Lata. Only Asha.
  37. Chalte Chalte (1976)
  38. Mere Humsafar (1970)
  39. Aah (1953)
  40. Dil Tera Diwana (1962)
  41. Deewana (1967) – No song by Lata.
  42. Chhalia (1960)
  43. Anjana (1969)
  44. Pagla Kahin Ka (1970)
  45. Aashiq (1962)
  46. Begaana (1963)
  47. Loafer (1973)
  48. Anadi (1959)
  49. Badhti Ka Naam Dadhi (1974) – No song by Lata. Only Asha.
  50. Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958)
  51. Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai (1961)
  52. Sanam (1951)
  53. Jab Yaad Kisi Ki Aati Hai (1967)
  54. Jaaneman (1976)
  55. Bandhan (1969) – No song by Lata. Only Asha.
  56. Kangan (1971)
  57. Chandan (1958)
  58. Jhoola (1962)
  59. Dil Diya Dard Liya (1966)
  60. Jhanak Jhanak Paayal Baaje (1955)
  61. Chham Chhama Chham (1952) – No song by Lata. Only Asha.
  62. Geet Gaaya Pattharon Ne (1964) – No song by Lata. (Only film song by Kishori Amonkar)
  63. Sargam (1950 and 1979)


So 50 out of 63 movie titles in this song had at least one song sung by Lata Mangeshkar

Now let’s move to the next song…

1991 movie “Patthar Ke Phool”: “Kabhi Tu Chhalia Lagta Hain”

  1. Chhalia (1960)
  2. Deewana (1967) – No song by Lata.
  3. Anadi (1959)
  4. Aawara (1951)
  5. Noorie (1979)
  6. Julie (1975)
  7. Chandni (1989)
  8. Bobby (1973)
  9. Tere Mere Beech Mein (1984) – No song by Lata. Songs by Usha Mangeshkar (Dada Kondke Movie!)
  10. Deewar (1975) – No song by Lata. Only Asha Bhosle and Usha Mangeshkar
  11. Main Inteqam Loonga (1982) – No song by Lata. Only Asha Bhosle
  12. Dushman (1971)
  13. Naya Zamana (1971)
  14. Haathkadi (1982) – No song by Lata. Only Asha Bhosle
  15. Sholay (1975)
  16. Duniya (1968) – No song by Lata. Only Asha Bhosle
  17. Jugnu (1973)
  18. Junglee (1961)
  19. Funtoosh (1956) – No song by Lata. Only Asha Bhosle
  20. Azaad (1955)
  21. Ek Duje Ke Liye (1980)
  22. Qurbani (1980) – No song by Lata. Only Asha Bhosle
  23. Paagal Premi (1977)
  24. Bandhan (1969) – No song by Lata. Only Asha.
  25. Nadiya Ke Paar (1948) à This 1948 movie had songs sung by Lata. There was another movie in 1982 by the same name which did not have any song by Lata.
  26. Pyar Ki Manzil (1950) à This 1950 movie had songs sung by Lata. There was another movie in 1981 by the same name which did not have any song by Lata.
  27. Maine Pyar Kiya (1989)
  28. Do Dil (1965)
  29. Shabnam (1964) à This 1964 movie had songs sung by Lata. There was another movie in 1949 which did not have any song by Lata. The movie had a song by Lalita Phadke, wife of legendary Marathi composer Sudhir Phadke.
  30. Chingari (1989) – No song by Lata. à The film was made in 1971 but released in 1989! Just in time to lend a word for this movie song in 1991
  31. Naagin (1954 and 1976)
  32. Jogan (1950) – No song by Lata.
  33. Aayee Milan Ki Bela (1964)
  34. Dil (1990) – No song by Lata.
  35. Tarana (1951)
  36. Door Gagan Ki Chhaon Mein (1964) – No song by Lata. Only Asha.
  37. Ashiana (1952)
  38. Dastan (1950 and 1972) – No song by Lata. à Interestingly, two movies with same name and 22 years apart and yet both movies did not have any song by Lata.
  39. Dostana (1980)
  40. Hum Se Badhkar Kaun (1981) – No song by Lata. Only Asha Bhosle and Usha Mangeshkar.
  41. Humse Hai Zamana (1983)
  42. Leader (1964)
  43. Loafer (1973)
  44. Hero (1983)
  45. Joker [Mera Naam Joker (1970)]

So 31 out of 45 movie titles in this song had at least one song sung by Lata Mangeshkar.

Total: 81/108 i.e. 75% of movies had Lata Mangeshkar’s voice! Actually few movie titles are common across both songs, so mere addition is wrong, but that won’t change the % and conclusion by much.

Here is interesting trivia:

  • The Patthar Ke Phool song had reference to Ek Duje Ke Liye (which featured Mere Jeevan Sathi song), and also to Maine Pyar Kiya (Salman Khan’s own movie).
  • Both songs had 1 reference each to a movie of Sachin (Pilgaonkar) and interestingly both the movies did not have any song by Lata.
  • There were several movies where Lata did not have any song, but either Asha Bhosle or Usha Mangeshkar had. So if you add them to the broader list of “movies with Mangeshkar sisters as one of the singers” I think the % would go up to 90-95%

The 2008 movie “Rab Ne Bana Di Jodi” had a similar song – “Phir Milenge Chalte Chalte“. However it was not exactly based on Movie Titles, but was a mashup of Hindi movie titles and Song phrases.

Phir Milenge Chalte Chalte

This reminds me of yet another theme – Antakshari songs in Hindi movies. But may be some other time…now back to work 🙂



Digital Entertainment: NetFlix, Youtube and “Shape of You”

Yesterday I saw a post on Twitter which compared profits of Netflix with Indian Hindi Film Industry (“Bollywood”) profits.

img_9311NetFlix started the US in 1997 as a “DVD by mail” service (similar to Blockbuster) and soon switched to online streaming of content and video-on-demand. It really picked up in last 8-10 years when broadband connectivity and internet speed increased multi-fold.

NetFlix is a great example of advent of “Digital Media” and how it can disrupt multiple things. In India, Reliance Jio is already creating a bold strategy of owning/controlling every bit of the “Digital” world – right from the backbone network (Jio) to content (Reliance owns TV18 Network which own multiple TV channels and online news etc). NetFlix has started (or popularized) phenomenon of exclusive Web Series; HBO and Amazon are also investing big money in producing exclusive web contents.

All this started with the Youtube phenomenon. When Google bought Youtube for $1 billion many felt that Google had wasted money by hugely overestimating Youtube’s value. But now, $1 billion seems like peanuts considering what Youtube has done to Digital revolution and thus increasing stronghold of Google.

This is somewhat like 1991 in India, when era of satellite TV channels began. Till then we had only Doordarshan – the state-owned TV channel and only fixed hours of show time (not 24×7). Thus, we had only so many hours of contents for viewing and only few could grab a part in those shows – and hence employment in TV industry was limited. Now, the TV industry is a bigger employer than Hindi or all regional movies put together. You have so many channels producing so many TV shows which give opportunities to hundreds of actors, technicians and related jobs.

Youtube (or any Digital Media platform) has shaken up Movie, TV industries in multiple ways. Firstly, even any unknown person can create new content and share with the world and directly compete with the “formal talent”. A great example of this is the dance and singing videos posted on Youtube by the upcoming or novice artists. And this leads to some amazing creative stuff and new ideas. Take example of “Shape of You” – the popular song by Ed Sheeran (age 27!). The official Youtube video of this song has received 3.3 billion hits! But you would be stunned if you check other creative improvisations or versions of this song by novice or lesser known artists. Here are two examples I liked a lot!

First is the Carnatic Mix version of Shape of You – this is the rendition of the song molded in a form of Indian classical music i.e. Carnatic Music (music of South India). They have added some Indian classical notes and created an amazing version. Do check it!

The second video is improvisation of the above Carnatic Mix version by adding Indian classical dance to it. The video is created by the dancing duo – Poonam and Priyanka – who have posted so many dance videos on their Youtube channel. Do check their Indian Classical dance on Shape of You (Carnatic Mix) version.

And the more you dig further the more amazed you would be to see how Youtube is unleashing creativity of people. One new trend I liked a lot and follow regularly on Youtube is the “Reaction” to Bollywood movie songs by foreigners. It is such a delight to see and listen to what the foreigners think about Indian film music, and culture. Here are a few good examples.

You can see that there are many Youtube channels who regularly post “Reaction” videos and have huge fan following.

And then there are some interesting videos which I wouldn’t have been able to watch without Youtube (or such Digital platform). Here are a few:

Aaj Jaane Ki Zidd Na Karo by Tanya Wells (UK)

  1. R. Rahman, “Jiya Jale” (Dil Se): Berklee Indian Ensemble (Cover)


Finding Chatur

I think many more new businesses or social enterprises would come up in coming years using the new Digital platforms – particularly in Entertainment industry and that is not a threat but a blessing for the conventional entertainment industry.

Podcast: जा रे जा लेता जा संदेसा

जा रे जा लेता जा संदेसा…
गायिका: देवकी पंडित आणि सावनी शेंडे
चित्रपट : सावली
संगीत: अशोक पत्की



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